- Immigration Comparison Chart Between Canada and Mexico Under the North American
Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); and,
- Listing of Professional Occupations and Minimum Requirements for Qualification
The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) issued implementing regulations regarding
the entry of individuals from Canada and Mexico under NAFTA. Included with the Technical
Advisory is a comparison of the immigration requirements for Canada and Mexico and a Listing of
Professional Occupations covered under NAFTA with the minimum educational requirements.
The NAFTA provisions generally parallel those of the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement (CFTA)
which is replaced by NAFTA. The new immigration symbol is "TN"; "TC" under the former CFTA is
no longer available. One major change in NAFTA is the prohibition against self-employment under
NAFTA for both Canada and Mexico. Under CFTA the regulations did not specifically address selfemployment.
Conceivably, there could be Special Volunteers or Guest Researchers from Canada in
TC status who were self-employed. Under NAFTA such individuals and their dependents may not
extend their stay in the U.S., or apply for reentry.
Another change under NAFTA is a new nonimmigrant status "TD" (Trade Dependent) which was
created for the dependents of TN status individuals; under CFTA individuals in this status entered
under B-2 visitors visas. Dependents (spouse and unmarried children under 21 only) cannot be
employed in the U.S. unless they qualify and enter with their own TN status.
The following is an index of Canadian and Mexican requirements under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)