Note: the following first aid techniques are meant for occupational injuries at the NIH and for use on adults only.
Cuts & Lacerations
Sponge scrub for 15 minutes with povidone iodine if immediately available.
If not, scrub for 15 minutes with soap and water.
- Rinse thoroughly with water.
Notify your supervisor if he/she is immediately available, and report to OMS.
For small burns (<5%), run the burn under cool running water for at least 10 minutes, or until the burn stops hurting.
- If the burn requires further medical attention, loosely cover the burn with a dry, nonstick sterile or clean dressing.
Report to OMS.
For large burns, or if the burn blisters or covers the hands, feet, genitalia, or face, call 911.
Fluid Splashes to the Eyes, Nose, or Mouth
- Flush site with water or saline for 15 minutes.
- Report to OMS.
Sprains & Strains
- RICE: Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
- Rest: do not move or use the injury.
- Ice: apply an ice pack.
- Compression: compress the injury (with an elastic bandage, for example) to help reduce swelling.
- Elevate: elevate the injury if doing so does not cause pain.
- Report to OMS.
- If the person has his/her own prescribed epinephrine pen, ask if you may assist them in using it.
- Note the time of injection.
- If the person is suffering from anaphylaxis (breathing problems, shock, change in mental status), call 911.
- Report to OMS for minor allergic reactions.
- If possible, save a sample of what caused the reaction.
Give abdominal thrusts until the person can breath, cough, or talk, or until the person stops responding
If the person stops responding, check if he or she needs CPR. If yes, provide CPR if you have been trained.
Have a bystander call 911 while you are providing CPR, or call 911 yourself if you do not know how to provide CPR.
If no bystanders are immediately available, call 911 prior to providing CPR.
Visit our CPR/AED Training
page to learn more about how to become certified in CPR.
Chest Pain/Acute Shortness of Breath
Sudden Weakness, Slurred Speech, or Inability to Move One Side of the Body